психология беременности

Psychology of pregnancy: overcoming fears and anxieties. Tips from a psychologist for expectant mothers

The psychology of pregnancy covers a wide range of emotional and psychological factors that arise while expecting a child. During this period of life, women go through many physical, emotional and social changes that can lead to fears, concerns and anxieties.

Psychological aspects of pregnancy

  • Adaptation to changes. Pregnancy comes with many changes in a woman’s life, and adapting to them can be stressful and anxiety-provoking.
  • The image of a future mother. During pregnancy, a woman must accept and adapt to her new role as an expectant mother, which can cause various emotions such as joy, fear and anxiety.
  • Relationships with a partner. Pregnancy can change the dynamics of a relationship with a partner, causing both positive and negative emotions.
  • Anxiety about the child’s health. Pregnant women often worry about the health of their baby and how various factors such as diet, lifestyle and genetics can affect the development of the fetus.
  • Concerns about childbirth. Many women are afraid of the upcoming birth, especially if it is their first experience.
  • Financial and career concerns. Pregnancy and the birth of a child can impact a family’s finances and career prospects, causing additional stress and anxiety.
  • Social isolation. Pregnancy often causes changes in social relationships, especially if a woman cannot be as socially active as before. In some cases, this leads to feelings of social isolation and loneliness.
  • Prenatal and postnatal depression. Pregnancy and childbirth sometimes cause depression in women, which can continue after the baby is born.

психология принятия беременности

Psychology of pregnancy acceptance

The psychology of pregnancy acceptance describes the emotional and psychological process that a woman (and her partner) goes through during pregnancy. Accepting pregnancy involves adapting to new circumstances, accepting changes in body and mental state, and preparing for childbirth and motherhood (or fatherhood). Here are several factors that influence pregnancy acceptance:

  1. Expectations. Women may have different expectations about pregnancy, which are often related to their cultural, social or family norms. Unfulfilled expectations lead to stress and anxiety.
  2. Self-esteem and self-perception. Pregnancy can change a woman’s self-esteem and self-perception as she adapts to a new role and physical changes to her body.
  3. Social support. Having a social support network, including a partner, family and friends, has a significant impact on a pregnant woman’s psychological well-being.
  4. Experience from previous pregnancies. Previous pregnancy experiences, especially if they were difficult or problematic, can affect the psychological process of accepting the current pregnancy.
  5. Caring for the health and well-being of the baby. Pregnant women may experience anxiety and worry about the health and development of their baby.
  6. Financial stability. Financial circumstances can influence pregnancy acceptance, as parents may worry about how to provide for their child financially.
  7. Work-life balance. Adjusting to a new role as a father or mother can be stressful due to the need to balance work and personal life.
  8. Family planning. The desire and readiness to expand the family influences the acceptance of pregnancy. An unplanned pregnancy can be stressful, especially if parents were not yet ready for such changes.
  9. Relationships with a partner. The quality of your relationship with your partner is important for a successful pregnancy. Support, understanding and shared decisions can improve the psychological well-being of both parents.
  10. Medical conditions and diseases. Existing or emerging medical problems in the mother or fetus may affect pregnancy acceptance. And chronic illnesses or complications during pregnancy cause additional stress and anxiety.
  11. Multiple pregnancy bring additional concerns and fears due to the increased risk of complications and the need for special medical care.
  12. Age. The age of the mother or father may influence pregnancy acceptance. Young parents face additional challenges due to lack of experience or resources, while older parents worry about age-related risks and their ability to care for their child.
  13. Influence of information and media. Information from various sources such as the Internet, television, social media can influence pregnancy acceptance by causing anxiety or pressure to conform to certain standards and expectations.
  14. Fear of childbirth. Thoughts about the upcoming birth and fear of the painful process can cause anxiety and stress in a pregnant woman, which also affects her acceptance of the pregnancy.
  15. Society’s attitude towards pregnancy, childbirth and parenthood can influence the process of pregnancy acceptance. Stereotypes, prejudices and peer pressure often cause stress and negative emotions.
  16. Personal beliefs and values. The individual beliefs and values ​​of expectant parents can greatly influence how they accept pregnancy. For example, religious or cultural beliefs can be a powerful source of support or, conversely, cause conflict and anxiety.
  17. The emotional state of the expectant mother also influences the acceptance of pregnancy. Women who suffer from depression, anxiety or other mental illnesses may have difficulty accepting their new condition.
  18. Preparing for parenthood. The degree of readiness and preparation for parenthood may influence pregnancy acceptance. Parents who actively prepare for childbirth and learn parenting skills feel more confident and relaxed.
  19. Sleep and fatigue. Lack of sleep and increased fatigue of the expectant mother cause irritability, stress and emotional imbalance, which can affect the pregnancy process.
  20. Hobbies, interests and passions help a pregnant woman combat stress and maintain psychological well-being. Engaging in activities that are enjoyable and relaxing has a positive effect on pregnancy acceptance.

страх беременности

Psychology of pregnancy rejection

The psychology of pregnancy aversion refers to a set of emotional and psychological reactions that a woman may experience during pregnancy. This can be caused by a variety of factors, such as an unexpected or unwanted pregnancy, social, economic or family circumstances, or changes in relationships with a partner or loved ones.

Pregnancy aversion can come in many forms, including:

  • Denial of pregnancy. A woman may completely deny or ignore her pregnancy, even when confronted with physical symptoms or doctor confirmation.
  • Anger and irritability. A woman may experience anger and irritability related to pregnancy, especially if she fears that pregnancy will deprive her of opportunities or change her life in undesirable ways.
  • Fear and anxiety. Pregnancy can cause fear and anxiety, especially if a woman is worried about her future, financial stability, the baby’s health, or her ability to cope with motherhood.
  • Sadness and depression. Pregnancy aversion may contribute to the development of antenatal depression, where a woman experiences deep sadness, despair and loss of interest in life during pregnancy.

If a woman suffers from pregnancy rejection and/or antenatal depression, it is important to see a psychologist or psychotherapist. Timely seeking help and support from loved ones will help cope with these emotions and improve the psychological state of the expectant mother.

psychology of pregnancy

Prenatal depression

Prenatal depression, also known as antenatal depression or pregnancy depression, refers to an emotional condition where a woman experiences long-term symptoms of depression during pregnancy. It is a serious mental disorder that can have a negative impact on maternal health and fetal development. Symptoms of prenatal depression may include:

  • a constant feeling of sadness or emptiness;
  • loss of interest in previously enjoyable things;
  • poor appetite or overeating;
  • insomnia or hypersomnia (constant desire to sleep);
  • feelings of guilt or inferiority;
  • decreased concentration and indecisiveness;
  • mood instability, irritation or anger;
  • deterioration in social interaction (for example, avoiding contact with friends or family);
  • thoughts of death or suicide.

The causes of prenatal depression can range from stress, personality difficulties or other mental disorders, to uncontrolled use of medications or substances.

Treatment for prenatal depression may include psychotherapy, antidepressants (as recommended by your doctor), and support from family and friends. If you suspect that you or someone you know has prenatal depression, be sure to see your doctor.

женская психология беременности

Psychology of pregnancy by trimesters

The psychology of pregnancy goes through various stages, which can be divided into three trimesters. In each trimester, the expectant mother experiences different emotions and psychological states.

First trimester (1-12 weeks)

  • Happiness and excitement. Many women feel happy and excited that they are expecting a baby. However, these feelings can be mixed with anxiety and apprehension.
  • Anxiety and fears. Pregnant women may worry about the health of their baby, their future as a mother, and possible changes in their relationship with their partner.
  • Fatigue and nausea. Physical symptoms such as fatigue and nausea can affect a woman’s psychological well-being during the first trimester.

Second trimester (13-27 weeks)

  • Mood boost. During the second trimester, many women experience an improvement in their mood as they adapt to the changes in their body and worry less about the early risks of pregnancy.
  • Stabilization of emotions. Emotions become more stable, and the woman begins to feel a stronger connection with the child.
  • Planning and preparation. During the second trimester, pregnant women often spend time planning and preparing for the arrival of their baby, which can be both exciting and stressful.

Third trimester (28-40 weeks)

  • Increased discomfort. Physical discomfort may increase due to the increase in the size of the abdomen and the proximity of the due date.
  • Excitement and fear of childbirth. Women may experience mixed feelings before the upcoming birth: on the one hand, excitement, on the other, fear and apprehension.
  • Changes in relationships. Expecting a child often leads to changes in relationships with your partner and other family members, which causes different emotions and feelings.
  • Mood instability. In the third trimester, mood may become less stable again due to hormonal changes and the proximity of labor. Women may experience anxiety, irritability and emotional sensitivity.
  • Prenatal depression. Some women may experience prenatal depression, which includes feelings of sadness, loss of interest in normal activities, anxiety, and insomnia.
  • Taking care of yourself and your unborn child. In the third trimester, expectant mothers think about how well they can care for their baby. This often causes doubts and self-doubt.

To cope with psychological changes during pregnancy, women are advised to:

  1. Maintain open and honest communication with your partner, friends and family.
  2. Seek advice from a doctor, midwife or psychologist if they are experiencing excessive anxiety or depression.
  3. Practice relaxation techniques such as breathing exercises, yoga or meditation.
  4. Lead a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet, moderate physical activity and adequate sleep.
  5. Participate in social support groups for pregnant women, communicate with other pregnant women and new mothers.

новость о беременности

Fear of possible congenital abnormalities or genetic disorders in the child

The fear of pregnant women about possible congenital anomalies or genetic disorders in the child is quite natural and understandable from a psychological point of view. After all, every mother wants her child to be born healthy and without any problems. To reduce your worries, it is important to remember that most children are born healthy and the likelihood of congenital anomalies or genetic disorders is quite low.

Here are some tips to help pregnant women cope with this fear:

  1. Live a healthy lifestyle during pregnancy, avoid smoking, drinking alcohol and drugs, watch your diet and exercise regularly. This will reduce the risk of developing congenital anomalies in the child.
  2. Visit your doctor regularly for all necessary examinations and consultations. He or she will be able to answer your questions, allay your concerns, and give you tips on taking care of yourself during pregnancy.
  3. Genetic testing. If there is a history of genetic disorders in your family or you simply want to be sure of the health of your unborn child, get genetic testing before conception or during pregnancy. Your doctor will help you determine the need and type of testing.
  4. Education. Reading books, watching videos, or attending seminars and courses on pregnancy and childbirth will help you better understand the process of fetal development and reduce fear of possible problems.
  5. Support. Talk to your partner, friends or family about your concerns and fears. They can help you cope with them and provide you with the support you need.
  6. Practice yoga, meditation, or other relaxation techniques. This will help you cope with fears associated with pregnancy. Learn to focus on your feelings and positive thoughts to support you throughout your pregnancy.
  7. Join pregnancy support groups or participate in online forums. This way you will find like-minded people and be able to exchange experiences with other mothers who also experience fears and concerns.
  8. Focus on positive thinking. Remember that the likelihood of your baby developing congenital abnormalities and genetic disorders is quite low, so he will be born completely healthy.
  9. Seek professional help. If the fear of possible problems with your child becomes overwhelming and greatly affects your life, consider contacting a psychologist or counselor. They will help you understand the reasons for your fear and suggest ways to overcome it.
  10. Contact your doctor. Always contact your healthcare provider if you have any questions or concerns. He will inform you about the status of the pregnancy and the health of the baby, which will reduce your concerns.

Fear of possible abnormalities or genetic disorders in the child is common and natural for many pregnant women. However, by following the above tips and tricks, you can cope with it and enjoy your pregnancy to the fullest.

диагностика беременной женщины

Fear of complications during pregnancy and childbirth

In order to stop being afraid of complications during pregnancy and childbirth, it is important to pay attention to several aspects.

Above all, knowledge plays a key role in reducing fear and uncertainty. Study information about pregnancy, childbirth and possible complications to better understand the process and be prepared for different situations.

Regular consultations with your doctor or obstetrician will help monitor your health and fetal development. Feel free to ask questions and receive professional recommendations. Doctors and obstetricians have extensive experience working with pregnant women and can provide you with comprehensive information on how to reduce the risk of complications.

Communication with loved ones is also of great importance. Sharing your feelings, concerns and worries with your partner, family and friends who can offer support and understanding can help reduce anxiety.

Attending a pregnancy class or support group will be a rewarding experience. You can exchange tips with other expectant mothers, which will ease fears and give you confidence in your abilities.

Using relaxation techniques such as breathing exercises, yoga, meditation or walking outdoors will help reduce stress and anxiety. These techniques will help you focus on your breathing, body and mind, which will create a calm atmosphere and help you cope with fear.

If the fear of complications becomes too strong and interferes with your daily life, consider working with a psychologist or psychotherapist. They will help you understand your feelings and offer strategies for overcoming anxiety.

Finally, keeping a journal of your thoughts, feelings, and important pregnancy moments will help you understand your experiences. By writing down your feelings and sensations, you can track your progress and improvement in your emotional state. It will also help you focus on the positive aspects of pregnancy and birth.

Maintain a healthy lifestyle, including eating right, exercising and getting enough sleep. Taking care of your health and well-being will reduce the risk of complications and increase your self-confidence. Talk to your doctor about an appropriate exercise program and diet that will promote a healthy pregnancy.

Focus on the positive aspects of pregnancy, such as looking forward to meeting your baby and the joy it will bring into your life. Practicing positive thinking and visualization can help reduce anxiety and lift your mood.

Ultimately, remember that the vast majority of women successfully navigate pregnancy and childbirth without serious complications. Try to trust your body and its ability to successfully carry and give birth to a healthy baby. By implementing the above strategies, you can reduce your fear of complications and enjoy a joyful pregnancy.

неприятие беременности

Fear of caesarean section or long and painful labor

Pregnant women’s concerns about caesarean section or long and painful labor are also common and understandable from a pregnancy psychology perspective. These concerns may arise from fear of pain, complications, loss of control, or negative health consequences for the mother and baby. Here are some ways to overcome such concerns:

  • Receiving the information. Learning about the birth process, including caesarean section, can help pregnant women better understand their concerns and realize that many of them stem from a lack of information or misconceptions about the problem.
  • Preparing for childbirth. Taking birth preparation courses and learning pain management techniques such as breathing exercises, massage or postures can help reduce fears and increase confidence.
  • Talking with your doctor about your concerns, wishes and expectations provides an opportunity to build trust and provide a personalized approach to childbirth, including the option of a Caesarean section if necessary or desired.
  • Making a birth plan. Developing a birth plan that takes into account a pregnant woman’s preferences and concerns will help her feel more confident and in control during labor and delivery.
  • Social support. Discussing your concerns with your partner, family, friends or support groups can help you find understanding, guidance and comfort.
  • Consider alternative methods to reduce pain. Talking with your doctor about the possibility of using drug analgesia (such as an epidural) or alternative pain management methods can help reduce your fear of a painful labor.
  • Psychological support. If fears associated with a caesarean section or a long and painful labor become too overwhelming and have a negative impact on a pregnant woman’s life, consultation with a psychologist will be helpful in working through these fears.
  • Positive birth or caesarean section stories from other mothers can help reduce fears and increase confidence in your own abilities.
  • Focus on the positive. Focusing on the positive aspects of childbirth, such as meeting your newborn and the joy of motherhood, will help you get rid of worries and channel your energy in a more positive direction.
  • Trusting your body. Increasing self-esteem and trust in your body and its ability to successfully navigate through the birth process will reduce fears and create a positive attitude towards childbirth.

боязнь грудного вскармливания

Pregnant women’s concerns about breastfeeding

The experiences pregnant women have about breastfeeding are quite natural and can be quite varied. Here are some of them:

  1. Pain and discomfort. Many pregnant women worry that breastfeeding will cause discomfort. But they can be avoided if you use nipple massage lubricant to soften and moisturize your nipples.
  2. Lack of milk. Some women fear that they will not have enough breast milk to feed their baby. However, with proper stimulation, breast milk begins to be produced in sufficient quantities in almost all young mothers. However, if you have problems with lactation, you should contact your doctor or lactation consultant.
  3. Difficulty applying. Latching a baby to the breast can be difficult for some women, especially if it is their first time. There is no need to worry here either; pediatricians and lactation consultants will help you learn the correct technique.
  4. Concerns about the nutritional value of milk. Some women are afraid that their milk will not be nutritious enough for the baby. However, breast milk usually contains all the essential nutrients for a baby’s healthy development.
  5. Impact on social life and work. Pregnant women often think about how breastfeeding will affect their social life and work life. To find a balance between social activity and breastfeeding, consider pumping milk and using a feeding bottle.
  6. Appearance of the breast. Many people worry that breastfeeding will affect the appearance of their breasts. While breastfeeding can indeed change the shape of your breasts, most of these changes are temporary.
  7. Shame. In some cultures, breastfeeding can be shameful, especially when feeding an infant in public. Pregnant women may face unpleasant situations or criticism from others. To avoid this, you can use special blankets or plan feeding in a calm and private environment.
  8. Duration of breastfeeding. Pregnant women worry about how long they should breastfeed. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of a child’s life and continued breastfeeding along with complementary feeding until 2 years of age or beyond.
  9. Compatible with medications and alcohol. Pregnant women may worry about interactions between breast milk and medications or alcohol. It is important to consult your doctor about the safety of using medications while breastfeeding. As for alcohol, it is recommended to avoid or limit consumption.
  10. Diseases and infections. Some pregnant women fear the possibility of transmitting diseases or infections through breast milk. Most diseases and infections are not transmitted through breast milk, but if you have certain health problems, be sure to consult your doctor.

It is important to understand that most concerns about breastfeeding can be alleviated with information, support and education. Don’t hesitate to reach out to medical professionals, lactation consultants, and experienced moms for advice and support.

боязнь изменения тела как аспект психологии беременности

Fear of changes in appearance and body shape during pregnancy

Fear of changes in appearance and body shape during pregnancy is a common and understandable feeling for many women. After all, pregnancy entails many physical changes, and not all women can easily come to terms with this. To cope with such fear, you can use the following approaches:

  • Acceptance and awareness. Recognize and accept the fact that changes in your body are normal and temporary. Pregnancy is a unique and special time, and your body adapts to support your growing fetus. This is a natural process and it is important to treat it with understanding.
  • Positive focus. Focus on the positive aspects of pregnancy, such as creating a new life, strengthening your bond with your partner, and forming a family. Instead of focusing on changes in appearance, pay attention to how amazingly your body copes with the task of carrying a child.
  • Self-care. It is important to take care of your health and well-being. Maintain a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet, moderate exercise and quality sleep. This will help you feel better physically and emotionally.
  • Communication. Share your worries and concerns with your partner, friends or family. Talking to other women who are also going through pregnancy will help you understand that your condition and concerns are common and normal.
  • Treat your body with love and respect. Practicing self-love and respect for your body helps you accept the changes that occur during pregnancy. Try to see your body as strong and flexible, able to adapt to new conditions and do an amazing job of creating a new life.
  • No comparing yourself to others. Avoid comparing your body to other women’s bodies, especially to images on social media or in the media. Every pregnancy is unique and every body reacts differently. Focus on your health and well-being, not your appearance.
  • Planning for postpartum recovery. Think in advance about how you will take care of your body after childbirth. Talk to your doctor or midwife about appropriate strategies for getting back into shape after your baby is born.

психология беременности и финансовая стабильность

Concerns about financial stability after having a baby

There are several ways that can help expectant parents prepare for financial difficulties after the birth of a child:

  1. Creating a budget. Creating a budget for birth and child care will help you determine necessary expenses such as diapers, clothing, a stroller, medical care and more. The budget will also help determine the necessary costs for food and child care.
  2. Use of support programs. There are various support programs for young parents that will reduce the burden on the family budget. For example, state benefits for children, benefits for housing and utilities, programs to support maternal and child health, as well as the opportunity to take parental leave.
  3. Creation of a reserve fund. Creating an emergency fund will help you cope with unexpected expenses. Expectant parents may consider saving a certain amount of money each month to build a financial reserve.
  4. Reducing costs. Reduce spending on unnecessary things. This may include cutting spending on entertainment, dining, travel and other non-essential needs.
  5. Debt restructuring. If you have debts, try to restructure them to reduce your monthly payments. For example, ask lenders to renegotiate your loan terms.

Overall, it’s natural to have concerns about financial stability after having a baby, but there are many things that can help parents-to-be prepare for it and cope with any challenges that may arise.

пара ждёт ребенка

Fear of changes in relationships with a partner and other loved ones

Fear of changes in relationships with a partner and other loved ones is a common fear in the psychology of pregnancy. Expecting a baby can cause significant changes in any couple’s life, often causing stress and anxiety. Here are some reasons why pregnant women are wary of relationship changes:

  • Changing relationship dynamics. Pregnancy can change a couple’s interactions and roles, which can cause fear of the unknown and fear that the relationship will deteriorate or become more difficult.
  • Distribution of duties. The birth of a child entails the need to redistribute responsibilities in a couple, which can cause fears about their fairness, support and possible dissatisfaction on the part of the partner.
  • Sexual changes. Pregnancy and childbirth can cause temporary or permanent changes in a couple’s sex life, often causing pregnant women to fear alienation, misunderstanding, or dissatisfaction from their partner.
  • Time and attention. Having a baby typically results in less time and attention devoted to your partner or other loved ones, which can lead to fears of discord or conflict in the relationship.

In general, fear of changes in relationships with a partner and other loved ones is a normal and understandable experience for pregnant women. To cope with these fears, psychologists offer the following strategies:

  1. Open communication. Talking to your partner about your feelings, concerns, and expectations allows both parties to understand and accept the changes that are happening in the relationship.
  2. Collaborative planning. Discussing and planning for the changes associated with pregnancy and birth helps a couple prepare for these changes and work together to support each other.
  3. Strengthening relationships. Spending time together, participating in joint activities, and taking care of your relationship strengthens the bond between partners and prepares them for future changes in the relationship.
  4. Support from other loved ones. Involving family, friends and other loved ones in the pregnancy and preparation for the birth of the child helps to alleviate fears about the end of the relationship and create a support network for expectant parents.
  5. Work on flexibility and adaptability. Developing flexibility and the ability to adapt to change helps you cope with inevitable changes in relationships and reduce stress and anxiety.
  6. Psychological consultation. If fears and anxieties are having a significant impact on a pregnant woman’s life and relationships, consultation with a psychologist or family therapist will be helpful in developing strategies for adapting to upcoming life changes.

мама с младенцем на руках

Worry about losing freedom after having a baby

The birth of a child is a significant life change that will inevitably entail new obligations, responsibilities and the need for constant care for the baby. Therefore, the concern of pregnant women about the loss of freedom and lack of time after the birth of the child is justified. Here are a number of psychological tactics that can help reduce these fears:

  1. Preparation. Find detailed information about what to expect after your baby is born. The more you know, the easier it will be to adapt to your new life. Read books about motherhood, attend courses for expectant parents and talk to young mothers.
  2. Planning. Make a plan for how you will manage your time and responsibilities after the baby is born. Discuss with your partner the possibility of sharing responsibilities for caring for the newborn and around the house.
  3. Support. Don’t hesitate to reach out to friends and family. They can help with child care or household chores. Also, join us on social media. network to a group of young mothers to discuss their experiences and feelings.
  4. Time for yourself. Consider setting aside time for yourself after your baby is born. For example, plan when you can pursue your hobbies or just relax.
  5. Flexibility. Recognize that your life will change and be prepared for it. It is important to be flexible and open to the changes that having a baby will bring.
  6. Subsequence. To avoid feeling overwhelmed by the responsibilities of caring for a newborn, introduce new activities and changes into your life gradually. This will help you get used to new circumstances and find balance between parenthood and personal life.

беременная карьеристка

Fear of combining motherhood and career

Pregnant women’s anxiety about returning to work after childbirth and combining motherhood with a career is a completely natural psychological phenomenon. After all, many women are afraid of losing their jobs or not being able to cope with their new maternal responsibilities. It is important to prepare in advance for going to work and anticipate possible problems.

One way to prepare is to have an open conversation with your employer about your concerns and plans for the postpartum period. This will help agree terms and ensure availability of work after maternity leave. You should also discuss the possibility of a flexible schedule or options for remote work from home.

Planning and organization are also key factors for success when balancing motherhood and career. Set priorities based on time for child care and work responsibilities. Take care of yourself and your health to cope with stress in all areas of life.

Creating a support system is also necessary during this period. Turn to family and friends for help with housework and child care. Don’t be afraid to ask for their participation in your motherhood and discuss your experiences, this will help manage tension and reduce anxiety.


Pregnant women often worry about the health and development of their unborn child, fearing possible complications or hereditary problems. Many of them are also afraid of the birth process itself, pain, possible complications and the unknown, especially if this is their first experience.

Additionally, pregnancy brings with it many physical changes that not all women can accept easily. They fear the changes in appearance and body shape that occur as a result of pregnancy.

The important thing to remember here is that fears and concerns are a normal part of pregnancy and can be reduced by getting information, talking to other pregnant women and taking care of yourself. As your pregnancy progresses and you prepare for childbirth, you will feel more confident and able to handle any challenges that come your way.

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